пятница, 2 марта 2012 г.

The Indian astronomy

Astronomy - one area, which интерсовала all mankind from the history beginnings. In India the first references to astronomy have been found in Drilling unit Veda which prescription is equated to 2000 in to н.э, Aryans Vedic actually idolised the Sun, Stars and Comets. The astronomy was then is closely interconnected with an astrology and as Hindus of ancient times used planets for a prediction of human destinies. Planets of Shani, that is. Saturn and the Brazier that is Mars considered ominous.

It would be surprising to know for us today that this science has promoted to such degree in ancient India that ancient Indian astronomers recognised that stars - the same creations as well as the sun that the sun - the Universe centre (solar system)


The Indian astronomy – the first changes in astronomy area.

The Indian astronomy has made huge impact on development of a science in the field of astronomy. The first mention of astronomy in India is dated date in four thousand years ago. Then activity of the Indian astronomers among which there were outstanding experts in these areas has been fixed. One of the first sources, research of stars in India the collection of hymns "Rigveda" created approximately in 2000 BC was mentioning


History of the Indian astronomy

The Indian astronomy and astrology has been closely connected among themselves. Ancient Indians considered that position of planets defines destiny of the person, especially planets Saturn and Mars. These representations have laid down in a basis of a modern astrology and horoscopes. However, they gave much more religious importance in the early texts devoted to astronomy, Scientist «Laghada's Vedanga Jyotisha» was rules of tracking movement of the Sun and the Moon for the coordination with the ritual purposes are declared. Early calculations of the Indian astronomy used stars. These calculations are based on stars and сидерическом the period. The period was defined as time, which is required to object to make one complete revolution round the Sun, in relation to stars.

Early Indian astronomers and their opening

Many have made opening which have left far forward in comparison with their western colleagues of the earliest Indian astronomers.

Арьябхатта

Арьябхатта was born in 476 year of our era, and it is widely recognised as the father of the Indian astronomy. When to it was about 25 years, it has presented astronomical and mathematical theories in which it was accepted that the Earth will rotate about the axis, and the periods of rotation of planets have been considered in relation to the Sun, instead of in stars. These calculations have put a basis of that we name now Solar system with the sun, being in its centre. In the ores of Arjabhatta has considerably outstripped the time. Also it has made numerous measurements which were surprisingly exact the then, including a circle and diameter of the Earth. It also has counted up that the radius of an orbit of a planet, depends on radius of the Earth and the Sun. The orbit was equal to duration of time spent for rotation round the Sun. Арьябхатта was the first astronomer who has opened that orbits of planets round the Sun in the form of ellipses. Its researches have led to opening of the reasons of occurrence of lunar and solar eclipses. Also it at necessary calculations could predict their occurrence. Арьябхатта was not only the first Indian the astronomer, but was also the master of mathematics and has thought up the term "zero", and has precisely calculated number пи (?) to 4 signs after a comma.

On April, 19th, 1975 India has directed the first companion into an orbit, with a name ' to Arjabhatta.


Брахмагупты

Брахмагупты was born during 598 our era and was head of the Indian astronomical observatory of Uddzhajn. It was the first who used algebra in the decision of astronomical problems. Брахмагупты has developed methods of calculation of movement and position of numerous planets. It also is calculated a circle of the Earth as an equivalent of 36000 kilometres that is extremely close to modern calculations of 40000 kilometres.


Бхаскара

Бхаскара was born in 1114 AD, also became head of an observatory of Uddzhajn. It went in the footsteps of Brahmagupty with its same ingenious mathematical gift, and has developed set of planetary calculations, including time necessary for rotation of the Earth in an orbit round the Sun to within 9 signs after a comma.


Мадхава

Мадхава He was born in 1340 AD has based School Kerala astronomies and mathematics. It has led to occurrence of variety of excellent astronomers and helped with creation of the Indian astronomy as the world leader around 14 and 16 centuries.

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